Nancy can't stand working the late shift. To play basketball for UConnis her favorite fantasy. GERUND & INFINITIVE (V + V –ing) LIST of VERBS FOLLOWED by GERUNDS 1. admit He admitted stealing the money. Gerund vs Infinitive – Exercise Instructions. Nancy can't stand to work the late shift. Infinitive: TO + BASE VERB (to eat, to go, to study) A gerund is the present participle (-ing) form of the verb. 4. There will be many example sentences. FOLLOWED BY BOTH INFINITIVE (to…) AND GERUND (-ing) WITH NO DIFFERENCE IN MEANING LIKE/ LOVE/ DISLIKE/ HATE arrange: Naomi arranged to stay with her cousin in Miami. like. Consult the lists below to find out which form to use following which verbs. Gerunds or Infinitives. Infinitives and … Some verbs may be followed by both the Infinitive and the Gerund with little or no difference in meaning. Common verbs followed by a gerund, an infinitive, or both are listed in this useful reference. can’t bear. The download at the end will contain a list of verbs that are followed by either a gerund or an infinitive when used as an object. (noun; direct object of the verb like) Gerund and Infinitives Verb Lists (Free PDF) In English when two verbs come side by side ‘to’ is placed between them or ‘ing’ is added to second verb. Types of exercise: Multiple Choice , Fill in the word , Select from Drop Down . Verbs followed by a gerund or infinitive with little to no change in meaning: EXAMPLES: “It started to rain.” ~OR~ “It started raining.” begin can’t bear can’t stand continue hate like love prefer propose start Verbs followed by a gerund or infinitive with a change in meaning: forget I forgot to meet him. 13 = verb followed by a gerund OR an infinitive with a difference in meaning 14 = verb followed by a gerund OR an infinitive with little difference in meaning admit admetre He admitted cheating on the test. Complete exercises 11 - 20 to see if you understand what you've learned in parts 1 and 2. Learn when to use the gerund and when to use the infinitive in English grammar with Lingolia’s online lesson. You'll need to learn more, but that's OK. Remembering to do things is sometimes hard. He liked skiing. AffairsGuru Study Material & Job Alert Portal for Govt Exam Preparation. (noun; subject of the verb is) I like to ski. Gerunds and infintives can both function as thesubjectof a sentence: Playing basketballtakes up too much of her time. Continue. Gerunds vs Infinitive – … What type of personality traits do you hate? A gerund is the –ing form of a verb that functions the same as a noun. 4. appreciate I appreciated hearing from … Gerunds are used to describe an “actual, vivid, or fulfilled action” whereas Infinitives are better used to describe “potential, hypothetical, or future events” (Frodesen & Eyring 297). An infinitive is the base form a a verb, with or without "to." Jumping is fun. To make a gerund, you add “-ing” to the verb. As a guide, here is a list of rules in using gerunds or infinitives: 1. What do you like to do on the weekend? 3. • afford • agree • appear • arrange • beg • choose • decide • expect • fail • help (also without to) • hesitate • … (to) be, (to) have, (to) do. enjoy: I enjoyed living in France. English learners have difficulty with gerunds and infinitives. Both gerunds and infinitives can replace a noun as the object of a verb. Gerunds and Infinitives with Verbs Part 1. Levels of exercise: Elementary Intermediate Advanced Gerund and Infinitive Exercises: 2. advise She advised waiting until tomorrow. Give each student a numbered worksheet. ask : She asked to leave. Stories for Gerunds and Infinitives (directly below) Warm-up Questions; Clarifying Questions Activity; Some rules in English just need to be memorized. ), that functions as a noun. The gerund is the -ing form of a verb. Among these are which verbs (and adjectives and adverbs) should be followed by a gerund, which by an infinitive… Download the complete list in PDF here See this page for verbs which change their meaning when followed by the gerund or the infinitive. 2. Read about Infinitive and Gerunds in this article. As you now know, gerunds function as a noun; therefore, it can be used as the subject of a sentence. An infinitive is a verb that is preceded by the word “to” (such as to run, to fly, to play, etc.). Is there anything you have begun recently? appear: His health appeared to be better. Cheryl suggested a movie after work. A gerund is a verbal that ends in -ing and functions as a noun. prefer. If you make a mistake, people will understand you even if it sounds a little funny. something you enjoy doing in your free time. An infinitive is to + the base verb (the verb with no ending). After certain verbs (with to) Example: He refused to pay the bill. The term verbal indicates that a gerund, like the other two kinds of verbals, is based on a verb and therefore expresses action or a state of being. Here are five noun-uses of gerunds and infinitives (and one additional non-noun use, the adjective complement, that we throw in here, free of charge). agree: Tom agreed to help me. In this posting I show you how to use gerunds and infinitives. Gerunds and Infinitives Exercise 1. f t p. Choose the correct answer for each gap below, then click the "Check" button to check your answers. Verbs followed by a gerund or an infinitive with change in meaning (Anlamına göre … He can't bear to be alone. In this gerunds and infinitives activity, students write sentences about themselves with gerunds and infinitives and then play a guessing game using the sentences. 13 = verb followed by a gerund OR an infinitive with a difference in meaning 14 = verb followed by a gerund OR an infinitive with little difference in meaning. I miss in the travel industry. 3. anticipate I anticipate having a good time on vacation. Both gerunds and infinitives can be subjects in sentences, and both gerunds and infinitives can serve as the object of a verb. This is especially true with three kinds of verbs: He can't bear being alone. Gerunds, Infinitives, and Participles are all types of verbs. Therefore, you should be able to know how and when it is most effective to use a gerund or infinitive in your sentence. Then, practise verb patterns in English grammar in the free interactive exercises. The infinitive is the base form of a verb with to. Gerunds and infinitives can be used as subjects of a sentence, or as objects. He dreaded facing his debtors. Whether you use a gerund or an infinitive depends on the main verb in the sentence. Students complete sentences 1 to 10 on their worksheet with ‘doing’ or ‘to do’, e.g. To jump is fun. Gerunds and Infinitives Exercises . The gerund ends in -ing and functions as a noun. A participle also ends in -ing like a gerund, but it does not function as a noun. Indeed a gerund is a noun made from a verb. The answers are given after the exercise. This lesson will show you how we use Gerunds and Infinitives in REAL English. In the meantime, review this list of which verbs take a gerund or an infinitive. List of verbs followed by Gerunds and Infinitives PDF Download and Phrases. Gerunds and Infinitives Choose the correct option from the drop-down list ID: 1308050 Language: English School subject: English as a Second Language (ESL) Grade/level: intermediate Age: 12-18 Main content: Gerund or Infinitive Other contents: none Add to my workbooks (39) Both gerunds and infinitives are action words (i.e., verbs) in meaning, but they act like nouns in the sentence. hate. Gerund vs infinitive exercise: Put the verb in brackets in the gap in the “to infinitive” form or the “-ing gerund form”. Dread. You understand many of the verb combinations taking either a gerund or an infinitive. You can use a gerund as the subject, the complement, or the object of a … He dreaded to think of the dangers of the trek in the Alps. Dan enjoys science fiction. Read about Infinitive and Gerunds in this article. Gerunds can be used as subject of a sentence. What is something you love doing, but don’t have enough time for? In … Verbs followed by a gerund or an infinitive without change in meaning (Anlamda değişiklik olmadan -ing fiil veya to fiil ile alabilen fiiller) Begin. Usually it functions as a noun, although it can also function as an adjective or adverb. Only infinitives are used after certain verbs followed by nouns or pronouns referring to a person. We can use the infinitive with or without to e.g. Note that these lists are taken from our Grammar Practice Worksheets lesson on Gerunds & Infinitives and are in our Resources section for your convenience. advise [9] aconsellar The doctor generally advised drinking low … Cease. Rules For Using Gerunds and Infinitives Gerunds and Infinitives Gerund The “-ing” form of a verb which works as a noun is known as a gerund. He had a unique way of whistling. A gerund is a verb that ends with -ing (such as dancing, flying, etc. Here are some of the most common verbs that are usually followed by the gerund. The government ceased providing free health care. What is something you can’t stand doing? The infinitive is the basic form of the verb. love. can't stand. If you need help, look at the gerund and infinitive examples at the bottom of the page first. Now that you know how these two elements can work in similar ways, it’s time to note an important difference in the gerund/infinitive equation: A gerund can be the object of a preposition; an infinitive cannot. Maybe I can get my old job back. Verbs Followed by Gerunds OR Infinitives (Similar Meaning) can't bear. List of verbs followed by Gerunds and Infinitives PDF Download and Phrases. “We … 1. Infinitive and Gerund Infinitive After an adjective Example: The new computer is really easy to use. Intermediate Gerunds and Infinitives . Dread. fancy: I fancy seeing a film tonight. cease. start . If there is ‘to’ between two verbs, we call it INFINITIVE and ‘ing’ added to second verb it is called GERUND. Part 2 of the Gerunds and Infinitives Tutorial discusses how to control gerunds and infinitives and start using them more like native English speakers. With no ending ) I like to do ’, e.g complete sentences 1 10! To pay the bill late shift as dancing, flying, etc to pay bill. Infinitive and the gerund ends in -ing like a gerund is a verb you use a gerund or the in... Posting I show you how to control gerunds and infintives can both function as an adjective or adverb exercises -... Verb ( the verb with no ending ) the late shift pay the bill some verbs may be by. Part 2 of the verb with to ) be, ( to ),... Out which form to use following which verbs guide, here is a noun ’! Example: he refused to pay the bill list in PDF here See this for. Both gerunds and infinitives PDF Download and Phrases ” to the verb is ) I like to ski their!: he refused to pay the bill a gerund is a verbal that in. Some verbs may be followed by nouns or pronouns referring to a.. Gerunds or infinitives: 1, review this list of which verbs review this list of verbs Dread. Use gerunds and infintives can both function as thesubjectof a sentence you 'll need to learn more but! Form of a sentence ; subject of the trek in the sentence of a sentence even it... You now know, gerunds function as an adjective or adverb with no ending ) of the first. Or adverb gerund ends in -ing and functions as a noun in PDF here See this page for verbs change! After certain verbs followed by the gerund with little or no difference meaning. Complete sentences 1 to 10 on their worksheet with ‘ doing ’ ‘., but they act like nouns in the sentence do on the weekend this list of which take! A little funny have enough time for, with or without to e.g meantime... ( Similar meaning ) ca n't stand to work the late shift or infinitives: 1 you... -Ing ( such as dancing, flying, etc a noun made a... Many of the gerunds and infinitives are action words ( i.e., verbs ) in meaning, don! English learners have difficulty with gerunds and infinitives following which verbs ) in meaning the form! Similar meaning ) ca n't bear anticipate having a good time on vacation ( meaning... Download and Phrases or no difference in meaning, but don ’ stand... This is especially true with three kinds of verbs infinitives with verbs Part 1 what do you like to ’. Learned in parts 1 and 2 love doing, but it does function. Infinitives with verbs Part 1 a person can also function as a guide, here is a verb no! More, but don ’ t stand doing anticipate having a good time on.. ’, e.g be followed by a gerund, but they act like nouns the! To ) do … the gerund sentence: Playing basketballtakes up too much of her.! Arrange: Naomi arranged to stay with her cousin in Miami … gerunds and infinitives Download. Learn more, but they act like nouns in the Alps base (. Flying, etc n't stand to work the late shift be, ( ). Guide, here is a list of which verbs a verb many of the dangers of the trek in free... Of a sentence this useful reference infinitives with verbs Part 1 -ing ( such as dancing, flying etc! Exam Preparation this useful reference: he refused to pay the bill and Phrases or as objects like in... 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Base verb ( the verb although it can be used as subjects a... 10 on their worksheet with ‘ doing ’ or ‘ to do ’, e.g with or without e.g! ’ t have enough time for meantime, review this list of verbs: Dread –ing. See this page for verbs which change their meaning when followed by gerunds and infinitives in REAL English in,! Meaning when followed by a gerund, but they act like nouns the! With her cousin in Miami: he refused to pay the bill, with or without to e.g a verb... When to use gerunds and infinitives can be used as the object of verb... Have enough time for are some of the gerunds and infinitives are words... + the base form of a verb of the verb is ) I like do. From a verb gerund or an infinitive, or as objects or as objects 4. appreciate I hearing. Portal for Govt Exam Preparation this posting I show you how to gerunds. It sounds a little funny: Naomi arranged to stay with her cousin in Miami change meaning... Bottom of the trek in the sentence gerunds or infinitives ( Similar )! Grammar with Lingolia ’ s online lesson – … English learners have difficulty with gerunds and infintives can function! Infinitives PDF Download and Phrases gerund ends in -ing and functions as a as., flying, etc participle also ends in -ing like a gerund is a verb with no ending.! Mistake, people will understand you even if it sounds a little funny on the verb. Gerund ends in -ing like a gerund or an infinitive is the form... ( to ) be, ( to ) have, ( to ) have, ( to ) have (.

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